The Assembly of The

Church of the Universe

 

 


The Honourable Mr. Justice McCart
(Judgment delivered orally August 14, 1997 at London, Ontario, Canada.)
Professor Alan Young (U of T) Counsel for the Applicants/Defendants

ONTARIO COURT OF JUSTICE (GENERAL DIVISION)
(Now the Superior Court of Justice)

(Southwest Region)

BETWEEN: 

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN

Respondent
(Prosecution)

and

CHRISTOPHER CLAY
and  JORDAN KENT PRENTICE

Applicants
(Defendants)

JUDGMENT

I wish to turn now to some statistical evidence which was introduced by various of the witnesses and which I accept as valid. I heard from a most impressive number of experts, among whom there was a general consensus about effects of the consumption of marijuana. From an analysis of their evidence I am able to reach the following conclusions: 
 

1. 

Consumption of marijuana is relatively harmless compared to the 
so-called hard drugs and including tobacco and alcohol; 

2. 

There exists no hard evidence demonstrating any irreversible organic or mental damage from the consumption of marijuana; 

3. 

That cannabis does cause alteration of mental functions and as such, it would not be prudent to drive a car while intoxicated; 

4. 

There is no hard evidence that cannabis consumption induces psychoses; 

5. 

Cannabis is not an addictive substance; 

6. 

Marijuana is not criminogenic in that there is no evidence of a causal relationship between cannabis use and criminality;

7. 

That the consumption of marijuana probably does not lead to "hard drug" use for the vast majority of marijuana consumers, although there appears to be a statistical relationship between the use of marijuana and a variety of other psychoactive drugs;

8. 

Marijuana does not make people more aggressive or violent; 

9. 

There have been no recorded deaths from the consumption of marijuana;

10. 

There is no evidence that marijuana causes amotivational syndrome; 

11. 

Less than 1% of marijuana consumers are daily users;

12.

Consumption in so-called "de-criminalized states" does not increase out of proportion to states where there is no de-criminalization. 

13.

Health related costs of cannabis use are negligible when compared to the costs attributable to tobacco and alcohol consumption.